Primitive equations: mathematical analysis and machine learning algorithm
Large scale dynamics of the ocean and the atmosphere are governed by the primitive equations (PE). In this presentation, I will first review the derivation of the PE and some well-known results for this model, including well-posedness of the viscous PE and ill-posedness of the inviscid PE. The focus will then shift to discussing singularity formation and the stability of singularities for the inviscid PE, as well as the effect of fast rotation (Coriolis force) on the lifespan of the analytic solutions. Finally, I will talk about a machine learning algorithm, the physics-informed neural networks (PINNs), for solving the viscous PE, and its rigorous error estimate.