**Math Major Course Requirements and Emphases**

## Overview

Both the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) and the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Mathematics require a core of basic courses followed by additional courses specific to one of seven possible emphases:

**Applied Mathematics emphasis:**This emphasis is for students who intend to enter the job market upon graduation, but may also be appropriate for students who plan to go on to graduate school in a field of science or engineering.**Comprehensive emphasis:**This emphasis prepares students for graduate study in mathematics, applied mathematics, or most other scientific fields.**Probability and Statistics emphasis:**This emphasis is for students considering a career as an actuary or statistician, as well as for students wanting to attend graduate school in statistics.**Mathematics Education emphasis:**This emphasis prepares students for teaching mathematics at the secondary school level. The emphasis has two main components: a set of courses in mathematics, and a set of courses in teaching and learning mathematics in secondary schools.**Computer Science emphasis:**This emphasis is for students interested in applications of computers to mathematical problems, including math majors who plan to attend graduate school in computer science.**Economics or Business emphasis:**This emphasis is for students with a particular interest in business applications of mathematics, especially those preparing for graduate school in economics or finance.**Life Sciences emphasis:**This emphasis is for students considering a career in medicine, as well as for students wanting to attend graduate school in the biological sciences.

Each emphasis requires at least 15 units of 400-level mathematics course work, and each emphasis, except Mathematics Education, requires the student to complete a minor * outside the math department*. Courses in minors must be distinct from those in the major.

The complete official requirements for each emphasis are given in the *University Catalog* in the form of an *Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP)*. Below we cover the portion of the requirements specific to the mathematics major. It is important for students to consult with their academic advisor about their choice and order of courses, as well as which additional courses would strengthen their degree program.

The information and requirements given here apply to the 2022–2023 catalog. For other catalog years, please consult the archive.

## Supporting Computer Science Requirement

All math and SDS majors are required to complete a computer programming course, regardless of the degree and emphasis selected. One of the following courses is recommended for most students: **CSC 110, ISTA 130, ECE 175, or CHEE 205**; other options may require additional prerequisites and/or a major or minor declared in another subject.

- CSC 110 — Introduction to Computer Programming I
- ISTA 130 — Computational Thinking and Doing
- ECE 175 — Computer Programming for Engineering Applications
- CHEE 205 — Introduction to MatLab and Python
- CSC 120 — Introduction to Computer Programming II
- CSC 250 — Essential Computing for the Sciences
- MIS 301 — Data Structures and Algorithms
- NSCS 311 — Scientific Programming using MatLab
- PHYS 305 — Computational Physics

## Core Courses

All seven emphases for the B.A./B.S. require the following core courses, which should ideally be completed by the end of the sophomore year.

- MATH 122A AND MATH 122B
^{(1)}or MATH 125 — Calculus I - MATH 129 — Calculus II
- MATH 223 — Vector Calculus
- MATH 313 — Introduction to Linear Algebra
^{(2)} - MATH 323 — Formal Mathematical Reasoning and Writing
^{(3)} - MATH 355 — Analysis of Ordinary Differential Equations
^{(4)}

^{(1)}*MATH 122A and MATH 122B are a single-semester sequence of courses that cover Calculus I. *

^{(2) }*MATH 313 replaces MATH 215, which is no longer offered. Students who completed MATH 215 prior to fall 2015 or who have transfer credit equivalent to MATH 215 will still fulfill this requirement, though they will not earn upper-division credit for the course.*

^{(3)}*MATH 323 is a writing-emphasis course that is the foundation for many of the advanced courses taken by math majors. It is prerequisite for more theoretical 400-level courses in the major. Students who do not do well in MATH 323 should speak to an advisor about their choice of major/emphasis. MATH 396L, the Wildcat Proofs Workshop, is a 1 unit supplemental instruction course intended to give students additional practice and guidance in learning proof writing techniques. The 396L course is required for students who earned a C or lower in MATH 313, the prerequisite to 323. Students who earn a D in 313 are required to either repeat 313 for a higher grade or take another course (MATH 243, 315, or CSC 245) before moving on to 323 + 396L. *

^{(4)}*MATH 355 is the differential equations course that all mathematics majors are expected to take. This course emphasizes the ideas of dynamical systems and makes use of a more sophisticated approach to differential equations. MATH 254 is a differential equations course that is aimed at engineering and science majors. Students with an additional major in engineering or science may ask their math faculty advisors for permission to substitute MATH 254 course for MATH 355 if a scheduling issue arises. Keep in mind that MATH 254 is lower-division - students who take it may need extra upper-division units.*

## Applied Mathematics emphasis

The information and requirements given here apply to the 2022–2023 catalog. For other catalog years, please consult the archive.

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

A minor in any subject *outside the math department* is required with this emphasis.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- MATH 422— Advanced Applied Analysis
- One of the following three sequences:
- MATH 454— Ordinary Differential Equations and Stability Theory
- MATH 456— Applied Partial Differential Equations

- MATH 464— Theory of Probability
- MATH 466— Theory of Statistics

- MATH 475A— Mathematical Principles of Numerical Analysis
- One course from the list: {MATH 413, MATH 424, MATH 443, MATH 445, MATH 447, MATH 454, MATH 456, MATH 464, MATH 475B}
^{(*)}

- One modeling course; choose either:
- MATH 481 — Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow through and around Organs and Organisms OR
- MATH 485 — Mathematical Modeling
^{(**)}

- A 5
^{th}400-level MATH course, to be selected with approval from your math faculty advisor. You may choose from the pre-approved list: MATH 413, MATH 424, MATH 454, MATH 456, MATH 464, MATH 468, MATH 475A, MATH 481, MATH 485, MATH 488. If you prefer to select another course, you may do so ONLY if approved by your math faculty advisor.

^{(*) }*The Math Department has discontinued MATH 475B. We will still offer MATH 475A going forward, and have approved the listed alternatives to MATH 475B. These options will not appear in older advisement reports, so the Math Center will need to make substitutions for students. Please email mathcenter@math.arizona.edu when you enroll in the second course for the "sequence" as listed above if your advisement report does not include these options; we will make the adjustment for you.*

^{(**)} *Students should plan to take MATH 485 in their final spring semester (it is only offered in spring semesters). In addition to more typical prerequisites, MATH 485 requires completion of at least one 400-level MATH course (422, 454, 456, 464, or 475A). Prerequisites also include linear algebra (313), differential equations (254 or 355), and a programming course. MATH 481 (Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow through and around Organs and Organisms) may replace MATH 485. If your catalog requirements do not reflect this, please email mathcenter@math.arizona.edu if you enroll so we can adjust your record. The course will begin appearing in advisement reports for Fall 2021. *

For an example of how to order your coursework to heed prerequisites and meet all degree requirements, please consult the **sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Comprehensive emphasis

The information and requirements given here apply to the 2022–2023 catalog. For other catalog years, please consult the archive.

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

This emphasis covers the minimum requirements for admission to most graduate programs in mathematics or applied mathematics. We have separate information on selecting the appropriate emphasis and courses to prepare for various types of graduate programs. Students selecting the comprehensive emphasis should consult with a Mathematics Department faculty advisor in choosing additional course work to ensure that they are prepared for the graduate school of their choice. A minor in any subject *outside the math department* is required with this emphasis.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- MATH 413— Linear Algebra
- MATH 424— Theory of Complex Variables
- MATH 425A— Real Analysis of One Variable
- MATH 425B— Real Analysis of Several Variables
- One of the following two pairs:
- MATH 415A— Introduction to Abstract Algebra
- MATH 415B— Second Course in Abstract Algebra

- MATH 454— Ordinary Differential Equations and Stability Theory
- MATH 456— Applied Partial Differential Equations

Students completing this emphasis are expected to be proficient in proof writing before beginning most of the 400-level courses above. It is recommended that students who do not earn an A or B in MATH 323 speak with an advisor about their selected math major emphasis before enrolling in proof-intensive 400-level courses.

For an example of how to order your coursework to heed prerequisites and meet all degree requirements, please consult the **sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Probability and Statistics emphasis

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

A minor in any subject *outside the math department* is required with this emphasis. The math major with probability and statistics emphasis differs from the Statistics and Data Science (SDS) major in that it gives more theoretical background. Students who wish to attend graduate school in statistics, economics, or another related field are advised to choose this option instead of (or in addition to) the SDS major. In association with the Graduate Interdisciplinary Program in Statistics & Data Science, we offer an Accelerated Master's Program in Statistics & Data Science.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- MATH 425A— Real Analysis of One Variable
- MATH 464— Theory of Probability
- MATH 466— Theory of Statistics
- One of the following two courses:
- MATH 468— Applied Stochastic Processes
- MATH 413— Linear Algebra

- A 5
^{th}400-level MATH course, to be selected with approval from your math faculty advisor. You may choose from the pre-approved list: MATH 413, MATH 422, MATH 425B, MATH 454, MATH 456, MATH 462, MATH 468, MATH 485. If you prefer to select another course, you may do so ONLY if approved by your math faculty advisor.

Students completing this emphasis are expected to be proficient in proof writing before beginning their 400-level course work. It is recommended that students who do not earn an A or B in MATH 323 speak with an advisor about their selected math major emphasis before enrolling in 400-level courses.

For an example of how to order your coursework to heed prerequisites and meet all degree requirements, please consult the **sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Mathematics Education emphasis

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

This emphasis is for students preparing to teach mathematics at the secondary school level. The Education emphasis has two main components, a set of courses in mathematics, and a set of pedagogy courses. This emphasis does not require a minor. See the Secondary Math Education Program (SMEP) website for additional information.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- Courses in Mathematics:
- MATH 315— Introduction to Number Theory and Modern Algebra
- MATH 330— Topics in Geometry
- MATH 361— Elements of Statistics Using Calculus
- MATH 404— History of Mathematics
- MATH 407— Synthesis of Mathematical Concepts

- Courses in Teaching and Learning Mathematics (Pedagogy):
- MATH 205— Teaching Secondary Mathematics
- EDP 301— Educational Psychology and Child and Adolescent Development
- SERP 400— Survey of Exceptional Students
- TLS 416— An Introduction to Structured English Immersion
^{(*)} - TLS 435— Content Area Literacy in a Multicultural School
- MATH 406A— Curriculum and Assessment in Secondary School Mathematics
- MATH 406B— Methods of Teaching Mathematics in Secondary Schools
- MATH 494C— Student Teaching

- Constitution Requirement for Arizona State certification.
- This requirement is fulfilled by completing one of the following: POL 210 or equivalent; a passing score on the Arizona and US Constitution exams.

- GPA requirements:
- GPA ≥ 2.5 in MATH 122A&B/125, 129, 223
- Pedagogy GPA ≥ 2.5
- Major GPA ≥ 2.0
- Cumulative UA GPA ≥ 2.0

^{(*)} LCEV 408— Methods of Teaching English to English Language Learners - also fulfills this requirement but is not currently available to SMEP students through the College of Education.

**sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Computer Science emphasis

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

A minor in computer science is required with this emphasis.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- One of the following three sequences:
- MATH 415A— Introduction to Abstract Algebra
- MATH 415B— Second Course in Abstract Algebra

- MATH 464— Theory of Probability
- MATH 466— Theory of Statistics

- MATH 475A— Mathematical Principles of Numerical Analysis
- One course from the list: {MATH 422, MATH 424, MATH 454, MATH 456, MATH 464, MATH 485, MATH 475B}
^{(*)}

- Two of the following six courses:
- MATH 413— Linear Algebra
- MATH 443— Theory of Graphs and Networks
- MATH 445— Introduction to Cryptography
- MATH 446— Theory of Numbers
- MATH 447— Combinatorial Mathematics
- CSC 473— Automata, Grammars and Languages
^{(**)}

- A 5
^{th}400-level MATH course, to be selected with approval from your math faculty advisor. You may choose from the pre-approved list: MATH 401A, MATH 401B, MATH 402, MATH 413, MATH 415A, MATH 443, MATH 445, MATH 446, MATH 447, MATH 464, MATH 468, MATH 475A, MATH 485, or CSC 473. If you prefer to select another course, you may do so ONLY if approved by your math faculty advisor.

^{(*) The Math Department has discontinued MATH 475B. We will still offer MATH 475A going forward, and have approved the listed alternatives to MATH 475B. These options will not appear in older advisement reports, so the Math Center will need to make substitutions for students. Please email mathcenter@math.arizona.edu when you enroll in the second course for the "sequence" as listed above if your advisement report does not include these options; we will make the adjustment for you. }

^{(**)} *Students minoring in Computer Science may not double-dip courses with their math major. Students with a double major in Computer Science and Mathematics may be able to double-dip additional courses between the two majors, within reasonable limits. It is important to consult with advisors from both majors when planning your coursework to avoid graduation delays.*

**sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Economics or Business emphasis

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

This emphasis requires either

- an Economics Minor, or
- a Business Administration Minor, or
- an Entrepreneurship Minor, or
- a Finance Minor, or
- a Marketing Minor, or
- a Sports Management Minor, or
- a Personal & Family Financial Planning Minor, or
- a Thematic Minor emphasizing courses from two or more disciplines/subject areas such as Economics, Business, and Finance, or
- a second major in the same degree in one of the above fields of study.

The minor should be chosen in consultation with an advisor.

Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- MATH 425A— Real Analysis of One Variable
- MATH 464— Theory of Probability
- Two of the following four courses:
- MATH 413— Linear Algebra
- MATH 425B— Real Analysis of Several Variables
- MATH 462— Financial Math
- MATH 466— Theory of Statistics
- MATH 468— Applied Stochastic Processes

- A 5
^{th}400-level MATH course, to be selected with approval from your math faculty advisor. You may choose from the pre-approved list: MATH 413, MATH 422,MATH 425B, MATH 432, MATH 454, MATH 456, MATH 462, MATH 466, MATH 468, MATH 485. If you prefer to select another course, you may do so ONLY if approved by your math faculty advisor.

Students completing this emphasis are expected to be proficient in proof writing before beginning their 400-level course work. It is recommended that students who do not earn an A or B in MATH 323 speak with an advisor about their selected math major emphasis before enrolling in 400-level courses.

**sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.

## Life Sciences emphasis

The Academic Advisement Report (ADVIP) gives complete degree requirements:

A minor or major in the biological sciences is required for this emphasis. Possibilities include Astrobiology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics (major only), Biology, Biosystems Engineering, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Science, Molecular & Cellular Biology, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Physiology, Physiological and Medical Sciences, and Pre-Health Professions, or a thematic minor with a life sciences emphasis. A second major in a life science area may also be used to fulfill the minor requirement. Courses which may be of interest for your minor include: ECOL 320, ECOL 340, ECOL 426, ECOL 453, ECOL 480, ECOL 496J;

MCB 315, MCB 410, MCB 411, MCB 422.Major requirements:

- Core Courses
- MATH 422— Advanced Applied Analysis
- MATH 464— Theory of Probability
- One of the following two courses:
- MATH 466— Theory of Statistics
- MATH 468— Applied Stochastic Processes

- One of the following two courses:
- MATH 454— Ordinary Differential Equations and Stability Theory
- MATH 456— Applied Partial Differential Equations

- One modeling course; choose either:
- MATH 481 — Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow through and around Organs and Organisms OR
- MATH 485 — Mathematical Modeling
^{(*)}

^{(*)} *Students should plan to take MATH 485 in their final spring semester (it is only offered in spring semesters). In addition to more typical prerequisites, MATH 485 requires completion of at least one 400-level MATH course (422, 454, 456, 464, or 475A). Prerequisites also include linear algebra (313), differential equations (254 or 355), and a programming course. MATH 481 (Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow through and around Organs and Organisms) may replace MATH 485. If your catalog requirements do not reflect this, please email mathcenter@math.arizona.edu if you enroll so we can adjust your record. The course will begin appearing in advisement reports for Fall 2021. *

**sample 4-year plans**. You will develop an individualized plan in consultation with your faculty advisor. Students planning to enroll in three MATH courses in a single semester are advised to talk to their math faculty advisor before finalizing their schedule. The Math Department requires that students enrolling in four or more MATH courses for a single term obtain permission from their math faculty advisor. Note that special courses like Supplemental Instruction, Workshops, Teaching Assistantship enrollment, and Pedagogy courses for the Secondary Math Education Program are not counted toward this limit.